Memorandum from the Recruiting and Retention Membership Committee
The R & R Committee is under reconstruction and hopefully 2018 committee members will be announced at the 12 November meeting. Please notify Commander Hollingsworth if you want to be considered to serve. Following are our proposed responsibilities.
- Assist the Camp Commander, Camp Adjutant and other camp officers with recruiting and renewing members.
- The Vice-Chairman or a selected member in his absence will contact all camp members personally by phone concerning monthly meetings and other special functions or events.
- Telephone and email prospective members to invite them to join the SCV.
- Greet and introduce prospective members at camp meetings.
- Maintain vigilance at monthly meetings for visitors and guests to greet and welcome them.
- Engage visitors and guests in conversation and make them feel welcome and important - because they are.
- Assist in staffing membership and recruitment booths at shows and events.
- Determine and implement methods to involve members in Camp programs, committees, and activities.
Don’t Cherry Pick History: Confederate Monuments Must Stand
OPINION BY R. KEVIN STONE
SEPTEMBER 14, 2017 8:42 AM - Gov. Roy Cooper has called upon the N.C. Historical Commission to meet and approve the removal of three Confederate monuments from the grounds of the State Capitol in Raleigh.
The N.C. Division, Sons of Confederate Veterans, is wholly opposed to the removal or relocation of any and all monuments and memorials from our historic Capitol Square.
The Monuments Protection Law of 2015 provides protection for all of our state’s many historical monuments located on public property. Although the Historical Commission may approve the relocation or removal of historic monuments, it is specifically limited by the sections of that law which only permit temporary relocation or removal for road and highway construction, or if the monument, itself, needs immediate physical preservation, at the end of which the monuments must be put back in their original locations. And if a monument must be permanently relocated from its original location due to construction activity, it must be placed back in a location of equal prominence, honor, visibility, and accessibility, and within the same jurisdiction.
Unlike Cooper, we do not cherry-pick which portions of our history to remember. The Confederate monuments and memorials on the Capitol grounds are part of North Carolina’s legacy as much as any of the other monuments.
Already across the nation there are moves afoot to take down monuments to Christopher Columbus, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, Andrew Jackson, and Woodrow Wilson, and to rename countless institutions, schools, towns, and much more. These efforts are part of an immense national effort which has at its origin small, hard core Communist groups, like the Workers’ World Party in Durham – the same group that cheers on Kim Jong Un in North Korea – who wish to completely erase nearly all American history, to rewrite totally all our past, to purify it of all perceived “impurities.” Once begun, where do they - where will it - stop? But like all violent forces that wish to purify the past, these efforts end in a kind of intellectual and spiritual madness that devours us all and knows no end. For it is not just Confederate monuments, it is monuments to Vietnam veterans, to the Founders of this nation, to doctors, to women, to children... anyone who did not share a strict Marxist vision of society a century ago ... that are now targeted.
Perhaps the most poignant of the three memorials targeted by Cooper, is the one dedicated to the women of the Confederacy. It does not celebrate or honor the men who fought for the Confederate States of America. It does not celebrate slavery, but rather those who were left behind and scratched out a living, providing for their children while their husbands, brothers, fathers, and uncles went off to war. They endured hardships, starvation, and death. The inclusion of this monument in Cooper’s petition shows the full extent of his inability to resist the demands of tiny, but extreme and boisterous Marxist pressure groups. It does not reflect at all the will of the vast majority of North Carolinians who wonder why we spend valuable time on figuring out ways to take down monuments while thousands look for good jobs, good schools, and good communications.
The monuments on Capitol Square are and should remain part of our landscape. They should serve as educational markers that assist us to understand what happened in our past, guideposts where school children on field trips may stop while their teachers impart vital history lessons. To remove them warps our view of our heritage and distorts our view of ourselves. Instead of taking monuments down, we should be putting more up.
R. Kevin Stone is the commander of the North Carolina Division of the Sons of Confederate Veterans. Source --
Who dug into this Confederate soldier’s grave in NC?
BY MARTHA QUILLIN
SEPTEMBER 28, 2017 2:48 PM
Maj. Larry Guyton of the Bladen County Sheriff ’s Office said that a man cutting the grass at Mount Horeb Presbyterian Church, near Elizabethtown in Bladen County discovered the damage to the grave of a Confederate Army soldier on Monday and called the police.
“Someone had dug down into a grave,” Guyton said, creating a hole 2 to 3 feet in diameter and about 2 feet deep. Guyton said officers saw what appeared to be a human bone exposed by the digging, and authorized the custodian to refill the hole.
In a news release issued Thursday, R. Kevin Stone, commander of the N.C. Division, Sons of Confederate Veterans, suggested the damage could have
been an attempt to make a statement.
“While the miscreant’s motives are not confirmed at this time, if these actions were perpetrated as part of a protest against Confederate heritage and
symbols, we as a society have certainly reached a new low,” Stone said in a press release.
Stone could not be reached immediately, and the release did not say whether there was evidence of a protest.
Symbols of the Confederacy displayed on public property – the Confederate flag and statues of generals – have prompted sometimes violent protests, including the incident in Charlottesville, Va., in August where a woman was killed.
The cemetery at Mount Horeb dates to the early days of the church, which was built in 1845 and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. A database of Confederate graves in North Carolina (http://www.ncgenweb-data.com) lists 13 soldiers buried at Mount Horeb. The one that was disturbed belonged to James Edward Smith, who was a sergeant in Company F of the 3rd Infantry Regiment of the State Troops of North Carolina. Records indicate he was born in 1841 and died in 1880 at age 39.
Guyton said that graves have been disturbed in local cemeteries before, “But it’s usually around Halloween and it’s usually kids.” In this case, he said, “If you’re asking what the motive was, we have no idea.”
In the past, thieves have been known to pillage the graves of Civil War soldiers – regardless of which side they fought on – in search of relics. Desecration of a grave is a felony under North Carolina law if the damage exceeds $1,000.
Anyone with information about the incident is asked to call the Bladen County Sheriff ’s Office at 910-862-6960.
Martha Quillin: 919-829-8989, @MarthaQuillin
Photos by Mike Hollingsworth
NC General Statutes - Chapter 100 1
Monuments, Memorials and Parks.
Article 1.Approval and Protection of Monuments, Memorials, Works of Art, etc.
§ 100-1. Repealed by Session Laws 1973, c. 476, s. 48.
§ 100-2. Approval of memorials before acceptance by State; "work of art" defined.
A monument, memorial, or work of art may not become the property of the State by purchase, gift or otherwise, unless the monument, memorial, or work of art, or a design of the same, together with the proposed location of the same, is submitted to and approved by the North Carolina Historical Commission. A monument, memorial, or work of art, until so submitted and approved, may not be contracted for, placed in or upon, or allowed to extend over any property belonging to the State. The term "work of art" as used in this Article includes any painting, portrait, mural decoration, stained glass, statue, bas-relief, sculpture, tablet, fountain, or other article or structure of a permanent character intended for decoration or commemoration. (1941, c. 341, s. 2; 1957, c. 65, s. 11; 1973, c. 476, s. 48; c. 507, s. 5; c. 1262, s. 86; 1977, c. 771, s. 4; 1979, 2nd Sess., c. 1306, ss. 3, 4; 1989, c. 727, s. 218(27); 1997-443, s. 11A.119(a); 2015-170, s. 3(b); 2015-241, s. 14.30(c), (s), (u).)
§ 100-2.1. Protection of monuments, memorials, and works of art.
(a) Approval Required. – Except as otherwise provided in subsection (b) of this section, a monument, memorial, or work of art owned by the State may not be removed, relocated, or altered in any way without the approval of the North Carolina Historical Commission.
(b) Limitations on Removal. – An object of remembrance located on public property may not be permanently removed and may only be relocated, whether temporarily or permanently, under the circumstances listed in this subsection and subject to the limitations in this subsection. An object of remembrance that is temporarily relocated shall be returned to its original location within 90 days of completion of the project that required its temporary removal. An object of remembrance that is permanently relocated shall be relocated to a site of similar prominence, honor, visibility, availability, and access that are within the boundaries of the jurisdiction from which it was relocated. An object of remembrance may not be relocated to a museum, cemetery, or mausoleum unless it was originally placed at such a location. As used in this section, the term "object of remembrance" means a monument, memorial, plaque, statue, marker, or display of a permanent character that commemorates an event, a person, or military service that is part of North Carolina's history. The circumstances under which an object of remembrance may be relocated are either of the following:
(1) When appropriate measures are required by the State or a political subdivision of the State to preserve the object.
(2) When necessary for construction, renovation, or reconfiguration of buildings, open spaces, parking, or transportation projects.
(c) Exceptions. – This section does not apply to the following:
(1) Highway markers set up by the Board of Transportation in cooperation with the Department of Environmental Quality and the Department of Natural and Cultural Resources as provided by Chapter 197 of the Public Laws of 1935.
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(2) An object of remembrance owned by a private party that is located on public property and that is the subject of a legal agreement between the private party and the State or a political subdivision of the State governing the removal or relocation of the object.
(3) An object of remembrance for which a building inspector or similar official has determined poses a threat to public safety because of an unsafe or dangerous condition. (2015-170, s. 3(c); 2015-241, s. 14.30(c).)
§ 100-3. Approval of design, etc., of certain bridges and other structures.
No bridge, arch, gate, fence or other structure intended primarily for ornamental or memorial purposes and which is paid for either wholly or in part by appropriation from the State Treasury, or which is to be placed on or allowed to extend over any property belonging to the State, shall be begun unless the design and proposed location thereof shall have been submitted to the North Carolina Historical Commission and approved by it. Furthermore, no existing structures of the kind named and described in the preceding part of this section owned by the State, shall be removed or remodeled without submission of the plans therefor to the North Carolina Historical Commission and approval of said plans by the North Carolina Historical Commission. This section shall not be construed as amending or repealing Chapter 197 of the Public Laws of 1935. (1941, c. 341, s. 3; 1973, c. 476, s. 48; 1979, 2nd Sess., c. 1306, s. 3.)
§ 100-4. Governor to accept works of art approved by North Carolina Historical Commission.
The Governor of North Carolina is hereby authorized to accept, in the name of the State of North Carolina, gifts to the State of works of art as defined in G.S. 100-2. But no work of art shall be so accepted unless and until the same shall have been first submitted to the North Carolina Historical Commission and by it judged worthy of acceptance. (1941, c. 341, s. 4; 1973, c. 476, s. 48; 1979, 2nd Sess., c. 1306, s. 3.)
§ 100-5. Duties as to buildings erected or remodeled by State.
Upon request of the Governor and the Board of Public Buildings and Grounds, the North Carolina Historical Commission shall act in an advisory capacity relative to the artistic character of any building constructed, erected, or remodeled by the State. The term "building" as used in this section shall include structures intended for human occupation, and also bridges, arches, gates, walls, or other permanent structures of any character not intended primarily for purposes of decoration or commemoration. (1941, c. 341, s. 5; 1973, c. 476, s. 48; 1979, 2nd Sess., c. 1306, s. 3.)
§ 100-6. Disqualification to vote on work of art, etc.; vacancy.
Any member of the North Carolina Historical Commission who shall be employed by the State to execute a work of art or structure of any kind requiring submission to the North Carolina Historical Commission, or who shall take part in a competition for such work of art or structure, shall be disqualified from voting thereon, and the temporary vacancy thereby created may be filled by appointment by the Governor. (1941, c. 341, s. 6; 1973, c. 476, s. 48; 1979, 2nd Sess., c. 1306, s. 3.)
§ 100-7. Construction.
NC General Statutes - Chapter 100 3
The provisions of this Article shall not be construed to include exhibits of an educational nature arranged by museums or art galleries administered by the State or any of its agencies or institutions, or to prevent the placing of portraits of officials, officers, or employees of the State in the offices or buildings of the departments, agencies, or institutions with which such officials, officers, or employees are or have been connected. But upon request of such museums or agencies, the North Carolina Historical Commission shall act in an advisory capacity as to the artistic qualities and appropriations of memorial exhibits or works of art submitted to it. (1941, c. 341, s. 7; 1973, c. 476, s. 48; 1979, 2nd Sess., c. 1306, s. 3.)
§ 100-8. Memorials to persons within 25 years of death; acceptance of commemorative funds for useful work.
No monument, statue, tablet, painting, or other article or structure of a permanent nature intended primarily to commemorate any person or persons shall be purchased from State funds or shall be placed in or upon or allowed to extend over State property within 25 years after the death of the person or persons so commemorated: Provided, nevertheless, that nothing in this Article shall be interpreted as prohibiting the acceptance of funds by State agencies or institutions from individuals or societies who wish to commemorate some person or persons by providing funds for educational, health, charitable, or other useful work. The agency or institution to which such funds are offered for memorial enterprises shall exercise its discretion as to the acceptance and expenditure of such funds. Nothing in this Article shall be interpreted as prohibiting the erection on the lands of the Cliffs of the Neuse State Park an appropriate tablet or plaque honoring the life and memory of the late Lionel Weil of Wayne County. Nothing in this Article shall be interpreted as prohibiting the erection on the lands of the Morrow Mountain State Park an appropriate tablet or plaque honoring the life and memory of the late James McKnight Morrow of Stanly County. Nothing in this Article shall be interpreted as prohibiting the erection on the lands of the Cliffs of the Neuse State Park an appropriate tablet or plaque, of such size and containing such language, as may be agreed upon by the donors and Director of State Parks, honoring the Whitfield heirs for their contributions to the establishment of the said park. (1941, c. 341, s. 8; 1957, c. 181; 1961, c. 976; 1963, c. 1128; 1979, 2nd Sess., c. 1306, s. 4.)
Memorials Financed by Counties and Cities.
§ 100-9. County commissioners may protect monuments.
When any monument has been or shall hereafter be erected to the memory of our Confederate dead or to perpetuate the memory and virtues of our distinguished dead, if such monument is erected by the voluntary subscription of the people and is placed on the courthouse square, the board of county commissioners of such county are permitted to expend from the public funds of the county an amount sufficient to erect a substantial iron fence around such monument in order that the same may be protected. (1905, c. 457; Rev., s. 3928; C.S., s. 6934.)
§ 100-10. Counties, cities, and towns may contribute toward the erection of memorials.
Any county, city or town by resolution first adopted by its governing body may become a member of any memorial association or organization for perpetuating the memory of the soldiers and sailors of North Carolina who served the United States in the great World War, or in the global war known as World War II, or who fought in the War Between the States, and may
NC General Statutes - Chapter 100 4
subscribe and pay toward the cost of the erection of any memorial to the memory of such soldiers and sailors such sums of money as its governing body may determine and may be represented in such association or organization by such persons as its governing body may select. Any contribution so made shall be paid out of the general fund of such county, city, or town making same, on such terms as may be agreed upon by its governing body, and the officers having the control and management of the association or organization to which subscription and contribution are made. (1919, c. 21, ss. 1, 2, 3; C.S., s. 6938; 1923, c. 200; 1945, c. 117.)
Mount Mitchell Park.
§ 100-11. Duties.
The Department of Natural and Cultural Resources shall have complete control, care, protection and charge of that part of Mitchell's Park acquired by the State. (1915, c. 76; 1919, c. 316, s. 3; C.S., s. 6940; 1921, c. 222, s. 1; 1925, c. 122, s. 23; 1973, c. 1262, s. 28; 1977, c. 771, s. 4; 1989, c. 727, s. 218(28); 1997-443, s. 11A.119(a); 2015-241, s. 14.30(w).)
§ 100-12. Roads, trails, and fences authorized; protection of property.
The Department of Natural and Cultural Resources is authorized and empowered to enter upon the land hereinbefore referred to, and to build a fence or fences around the same, also roads, paths, and trails and protect the property against trespass and fire and injury of any and all kinds whatsoever; cut wood and timber upon the same, but only for the purpose of protecting the other timber thereon and improving the property generally. (1919, c. 316, s. 5; C.S., s. 6942; 1921, c. 222, s. 1; 1925, c. 122, s. 23; 1973, c. 1262, s. 28; 1977, c. 771, s. 4; 1989, c. 727, s. 218(29); 1997-443, s. 11A.119(a); 2015-241, s. 14.30(w).)
§ 100-13. Fees for use of improvements; fees for other privileges; leases; rules.
The Department of Natural and Cultural Resources is further authorized to charge and collect fees for the use of such improvements as having already been constructed, or may hereafter be constructed, in the park, and for other privileges connected with the full use of the park by the public; to lease sites for camps, houses, hotels, and places of amusement and business; and to make and enforce such necessary rules as may best tend to protect, preserve and increase the value and attractiveness of the park. (1921, c. 222, s. 2; C.S., s. 6942(a); 1925, c. 122, s. 23; 1973, c. 1262, s. 28; 1977, c. 771, s. 4; 1989, c. 727, s. 25; 1997-443, s. 11A.119(a); 2015-241, s. 14.30(w).)
§ 100-14. Use of fees and other collections.
All fees and other money collected and received by the Department of Natural and Cultural Resources in connection with its proper administration of the North Carolina State Parks System shall be used by said Department for the administration, protection, improvement, and maintenance of the State Parks System. (1921, c. 22, s. 3; C.S., s. 6942(b); 1925, c. 122, s. 23; 1973, c. 1262, s. 28; 1977, c. 771, s. 4; 1989, c. 727, s. 26; 1997-443, s. 11A.119(a); 2015-241, s. 14.30(w).)
§ 100-15. Annual reports.
NC General Statutes - Chapter 100 5
The Department shall make an annual report to the Governor of all money received and expended by it in the administration of the North Carolina State Parks System, and of such other items as may be called for by him or by the General Assembly. (1921, c. 222, s. 4; C.S., s. 6942(c); 1925, c. 122, s. 23; 1973, c. 1262, s. 28; 1977, c. 771, s. 4; 1989, c. 727, s. 27.)
Toll Roads or Bridges in Public Parks.
§ 100-16. Private operation of toll roads or bridges in public parks prohibited.
No person, firm or corporation shall have the right or privilege to privately operate any toll road or toll bridge in this State upon lands belonging to the State, set apart or designated as a public park.
In the event any such toll road or bridge is on March 17, 1939 being privately operated under any real or assumed right, privilege, or lease, the State institution or department having such state-owned property in charge or under its supervision shall immediately give notice to such person, firm or corporation so operating such toll road or toll bridge to discontinue the operation of the same.
Any person, firm or corporation who sustains any legal damage by reason of the exercise of the authority hereinbefore granted shall be entitled to just compensation therefor, and, in the event satisfactory settlement cannot be made with the department or State agency exercising the authority herein contained, the amount of just compensation may be determined by a special proceeding instituted by the claimant against the department or agency having such property in custody under the provisions of the Chapter on Eminent Domain, insofar as the same may be applicable hereto: Provided, such proceedings shall be instituted within six months from the time such notice is given. Any compensation awarded shall be a valid claim against the State of North Carolina, payable out of the funds of the department or State agency having such property in charge. (1939, c. 127.)
Flagpoles and Display of Flags in State Parks.
§ 100-17. Flagpole to be erected in each State Park.
At each of the State parks of North Carolina an adequate flagpole shall be erected, in keeping with the construction of other structures thereupon, upon which flags of the United States of America and the State of North Carolina may be flown. (1963, c. 317, s. 1.)
§ 100-18. Display of flags.
Where personnel are available upon the State parks, the flags of the United States and of the State of North Carolina shall be flown on every Saturday and Sunday and on every State holiday from May 1 to October 1 of each year, in conformity with appropriate national and State policy and procedures concerning the display of the State and federal flag. (1963, c. 317, s. 2.)
§ 100-19. Donation of flagpoles.
Flagpoles at State parks may be donated by donors of the lands upon which State parks are situated, and if such donors express a desire to donate flagpoles, such donations shall be accepted
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in preference to that of any other individual or group. In the event that the donors of the lands upon which the State parks are situated shall not indicate a desire to donate flagpoles therefor within six months of the date of the passage of this Article, donations for flagpoles shall be accepted from individuals or groups who may desire to make such donations and erect the said flagpoles in keeping with the State park regulations. (1963, c. 317, s. 3.)
The monument honoring Henry Lawson Wyatt at the state Capitol in Raleigh, N.C. Is now under fire and is one monument that Governor Coopers wants to move from State grounds. However, North Carolina Republican lawmakers recently pressed a state panel not to grant Democratic Gov. Roy Cooper’s request to relocate Confederate monuments from the old Capitol grounds, with one leader predicting that any such approval would be overturned in court.ep 2
2, 2017 In a meeting today in Raleigh, the North Carolina Historical Commission voted to postpone until their April 2018 meeting any decision regarding a petition from the N.C. Department of Administration to relocate three Confederate monuments from the State Capitol grounds in Raleigh to the Bentonville Battlefield State Historic Site in Four Oaks, N.C. The original motion, which was entered by Commissioner Samuel Dixon, is available here. A committee appointed from commission members will study the issue and seek advice and legal opinions from appropriate entities. An amendment to the original motion named Commissioner Valerie Johnson, who is also chair of the N.C. African American Heritage Commission, as a member of the committee, to ensure that commission’s voice is represented. The three monuments being considered for relocation are the 1895 Confederate Monument, the Henry Lawson Wyatt Monument and the North Carolina Women of the Confederacy Monument.
This is not exactly "News" but it is interesting and beautiful!
Spectrum News-----Our Division Parliamentarian and Spokesman, Frank Powell, was recently interviewed by Spectrum News.
The 2nd Edition of Upon These Steps has been published.
See Chapter 3 below.
Chapter 3 – Eve of War
It had been snowing since before dawn January 5, 1861. With no opportunity to do any farm work, twenty-year old Thomas Reavis awoke to see snow drifts encroaching upon the wooden steps of the house in which he and his new bride Bettie lived. While their house was only some 600 yards to the east of the Reavis Home, the much littler house was located in Warren County, not Granville County. This was because the county line ran between the two houses. Glebe Road was actually the dividing line, as designated when the former Bute County was divided into Warren County and Franklin County in 1764. Bute County then ceased to exist.“Wake up Betsy! You need to see the snow coming down.”“I think I’ll just sleep in.” Bettie sleepily responded, “I had the most wonderful dream. I dreamed we had the first of our many children, and it was a girl!”“You really do want to be a mother, don’t you? We’ve only been married one month as of today.” Attempting to change the subject, Thomas said, “I’ll build a fire in the fireplace before I head to the Tavern.” The Reavis Tavern was next to the rail stop in Chalk Level and across from the Rock Spring Church built there in 1812. The Tavern was where men of the community met to learn recent news coming out of Raleigh and to discuss politics of the day.The Tavern was known for the place where John H. Wiggins was taken and died after a duel between him and Rufus Butler in 1837. The community was still upset over one of the community’s outstanding citizens being enticed into a gun match. Butler had moved from Raleigh when the railroad came through in 1836. The match was apparently due to a dispute over a land deal. Mr. Wiggin’s blood stains could still be seen on the oak wooden floor.
Thomas (also known as T.C.) arrived at the smoke-filled Tavern twenty minutes after leaving home. Mr. Thomas Turner Hester was the first to acknowledge Thomas’ arrival, “Look who just walked in from the honeymoon bed, our favorite groom, T.C. Reavis. He still has that gleam in his eyes. He does walk a little stiff though.”The men sitting at the English pub table chuckled and then continued with their tense conversation. The topic was the recent election of Mr. Lincoln as President and the State of South Carolina’s secession from the Union. On December 20, within three weeks of Lincoln’s election, the State of South Carolina had voted to secede from the Union.“John C. Calhoun and South Carolina should be admired for having the fortitude to exercise the state’s Constitutional right to secede.” Mr. Hester forthrightly declared. “Lincoln’s proposal to raise the tariff on imports from twenty percent to forty percent is outrageous. It is designed to promote manufacturing in the North at the expense of the South’s trading partners in Europe. He just wants to fund the expansion of the federal government on the backs of those in the South.”Mr. James Turner Wiggins (whose father had been killed in the duel) spoke up, “While he claims to want to preserve the Union, the truth is, he does not want to lose his tax base and the North’s source of raw materials. The South only has thirty percent of the country’s population, but is responsible for seventy percent of the taxes.”Ned Wortham chimed in, “More states will likely be seceding. I understand Governor Ellis will support North Carolina’s secession only if Mr. Lincoln invades a Southern State.”“Surely Lincoln would not invade a sovereign state!” 72-year-old Mr. Britton Harris, the eldest of the men, asserted.“I would not bet on it.” Hester replied, “Lincoln only got forty percent of the popular vote, and those votes came from the North. No one in the Tarheel state voted for Lincoln, as he was not even on the ballot in the Southern states. He only views the South as a source of revenue and could care less about States’ rights. It’s a shame the vote was split among John Breckenridge, Stephen Douglas, and John Bell.” (Breckenridge was a Southern Democrat, Douglas was a Northern Democrat, and Bell was a Constitution Union.)
Over the following weeks, the men who gathered at the Tavern continued to reveal their disgust over the possibility of higher taxes and diminished States’ rights under a Lincoln administration. The level of apprehension increased to a higher level after Lincoln gave his inaugural address on March 4, 1861, to his fellow citizens. One set of remarks was well received, in both the North and the South:
“Apprehension seems to exist among the people of the Southern States that by the accession of a Republican Administration their property and their peace and personal security are to be endangered… I have no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with the institution of slavery in the States where it exists. I believe I have no lawful right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so.”
Lincoln’s view that the war was not about slavery was echoed in a resolution passed by the US House of Representatives on July 22, 1861:
“Resolved,… that this war is not waged on our part in any spirit of oppression, not for any purpose of conquest or subjugation, nor purpose of overthrowing or interfering with the rights of established institutions of those States [slavery], but to maintain and defend the supremacy of the Constitution; and to preserve the Union with all its dignity, equality and rights of the several States unimpaired; and that as soon as those objects are accomplished, the war ought to cease.”
At the beginning of Lincoln’s administration, it was clear that slavery in the existing states was not an issue. He only acknowledged that it was an issue in the territories being considered for admission to the Union as states. It would be two years into the war before Lincoln saw it a political necessity to promote a new cause in order to maintain the Union citizens’ support for the war.However, one set of remarks in Lincoln’s inaugural address was alarming to all Southern states especially the seven states that had seceded since he was elected:“In doing this there needs to be no bloodshed or violence, and there shall be none unless… The power confided to me will be used to hold, occupy, and possess the property and places belonging to the Government and collect the duties and imposts [taxes]; but beyond what may be necessary for these objects, there will be no invasion…”
Lincoln’s threat of invading the already seven seceded states to protect the federal government’s property and to collect imposed taxes was taken seriously by the State of South Carolina. The threat became a reality when Lincoln ordered three ships to Charleston Harbor, allegedly to bring supplies to Fort Sumter. This was perceived by South Carolina to be an invasion. Why three ships for 80 men? Former President Buchanan had previously sent the merchant vessel, Star of the West to Charleston Harbor, which was perceived by the South to also be an invasion. The Confederates had been successful in turning back the Staron January 9th when Citadel cadets fired cannon shots from Morris Island.The confrontation came to a head in the early morning of April 12, 1861. South Carolina had seceded from the Union as John C. Calhoun asserted the Constitution allowed. Accordingly, the State of South Carolina had given notice for the Union forces to vacate Fort Sumter, a federal garrison in the Charleston Harbor. Upon hearing of the notice to vacate, Lincoln ordered the troops to remain, as his mindset apparently was, “Who will collect the tariffs required by the Morrill Tariff Act?” The act had only recently been passed on March 2, after South Carolina’s secession and only two days prior to Lincoln’s inauguration.Upon refusing to vacate, throughout the night the Confederate Army bombarded the fort with continuous cannon fire. The intent was to force the evacuation. Although the Federalists returned fire with their limited number of cannons, they were significantly outgunned. The following day, U.S. Major Robert Anderson was forced to surrender the fort and evacuate his eighty Union troops.
The ensuing Civil War would sometimes be referred to as the War Between the States, the War for Southern Independence, Mr. Lincoln’s Tariff War, and in some Southern circles, the War of Northern Aggression. Regardless of what it was called, in many cases, it would pit brother against brother and neighbor against neighbor.In the debates and arguments that transpired during the years leading up to the war regarding possible secession, North Carolina had taken a back seat to the outspoken South Carolina. It was years of political conflict characterized by political speeches and numerous newspaper editorials that eventually ignited secession.The sentiment in North Carolina against the expansion of slavery was more prevalent among the non-slaveholding citizens and was reflected in the words of Zebulon Vance. Zeb Vance was serving as U.S. Senator from the State when he stated, “Seven-tenths of our people owned no slaves at all, and to say the least of it, felt no great and enduring enthusiasm for its [slavery's] preservation, especially when it seemed to them that it was in no danger.”While the majority of the citizens in North Carolina had a disdain for the institution of slavery, there was a strong state-rights element made up primarily of planters in the eastern part of the State that mostly exerted their influence in the legislature and in the press to promote their agenda. This group insisted that secession was not only a right of the states, but perhaps a remedy. The firing on Fort Sumter fueled this position. It was not until President Lincoln's requisition on the State for 70,000 troops after the firing on Fort Sumter did Governor Ellis, the legislature, and a majority of the citizens come to the conclusion that secession was the only option. The alternative was to engage in fighting against sister Southern states.
Upon receiving the news of the April firing on Fort Sumter, Lewis Reavis knew that the dark clouds of war were about to roll in and threaten the prospects of his family’s peace and happiness as they then knew it.Lewis’s two oldest sons, Thomas and Sam, understood the cause for the war would be to protect the Southern way of life, without the intrusion of a federal government. The South’s position conflicted with the North’s position that the Southern states had no right to secede, which is why the word “secessionists” was a dirty word in the North.However, the boys were curious as to how the issue of slavery fits into the equation. They saw their father’s dismay and asked him his thoughts on slavery. Lewis responded, “Slavery is indeed an issue for some of the plantation owners. However, it is not a cause which will motivate the typical Southerner who owns no slaves to go off and fight. Fight to protect one’s family and homeland if invaded? ‘Yes.’ My views on slavery are generally the same as those of Robert E. Lee, a West Point graduate and currently a General in the Union Army.” Lewis reached into a desk drawer and pulled out a copy of a letter dated December 27, 1856. The letter had been written by Lee in response to a speech given by the then President Pierce. Lewis continued, “Sons, let’s go out and sit on the front steps.”Upon sitting down, Lewis read them excerpts from the letter: “There are few, I believe, in this enlightened age, who will not acknowledge that slavery as an institution is a moral and political evil…How long their servitude may be necessary is known and ordered by a merciful Providence. Their emancipation will sooner result from the mild and melting influences of Christianity than from the storm and tempest of fiery controversy. This influence, though slow, is sure.”Placing the letter in his pocket, Lewis Reavis looked into the eyes of the two boys listening intently to his every word and told them, “Sons, there are some things that we have no control over. We must trust that the providence of God will prevail and eventually allow all men to be free. Just as General Lee indicated in his letter five years ago, slavery as an institution is a moral and political evil. His hopes were that Christianity would eventually prevail.”Thomas then asked, “How long will we have to wait?”Lewis responded, “Unfortunately, we must endure whatever process God chooses to accomplish His sovereign will. Regardless, we all will play a part in the process that will be thrust upon us, whether we like it or not. We will all likely be called upon to sacrifice economically, and perhaps even with life. In any event, we must seek God’s guidance and endure. Any suffering and sacrifice we endure will pale to that experienced by Jesus Christ.”Sam then asked, “If we go to war, whose side do you think God will be on?”Lewis pondered for several seconds and then responded, “Son, I’m not sure God takes sides. He is always on the side of believers. Thus, He is on the side of individuals, not on the side of armies. He will be with the believer who wears a blue uniform as well as with the believer who wears a gray uniform. I do however believe He expects every man to stand up for his God given rights and to provide protection to his family against any foe that threatens their livelihood. The Book of Proverbs says any man who does not provide for his family ‘hath denied the faith and is worse than an infidel.’ We can only trust that God will provide the strength and fortitude necessary to endure whatever may befall us.”Thomas asked, “Will we be considered traitors?”Lewis rebuked him, “No! Should the State secede, it will no longer be a member of the Union, and we will be citizens of the Confederate States of America. Whatever country we find ourselves citizens of is the country we will be obliged to fight for. Otherwise, we would be traitors. Win or lose, we should always be considered by future generations as honorable men fighting for what we believed in.”
Within five weeks of the firing on Fort Sumter, the North Carolina legislature (on May 20, 1861), as well as four other states did pass resolutions calling for secession. Like it or not, Granville County along with the rest of the counties in North Carolina were at war, and the Reavis household would never be the same.
“We, the people of the State of North Carolina in convention assembled, do declare and ordain, and it is hereby declared and ordained, That the ordinance adopted by the State of North Carolina in the convention of 1789, whereby the Constitution of the United States was ratified and adopted, and also all acts and parts of acts of the General Assembly ratifying and adopting amendments to the said Constitution, are hereby repealed, rescinded, and abrogated.
We do further declare and ordain, That the union now subsisting between the State of North Carolina and the other States, under the title of the United States of America, is hereby dissolved, and that the State of North Carolina is in full possession and exercise of all those rights of sovereignty which belong and appertain to a free and independent State.”
David C. Reavis
January 27, 2018 - The Winter DEC meeting will be hosted by the Mingo Militia Camp 1717, Spivey's Corner, NC, Steve Hulan, Commanding. It is scheduled for January 27, 2018.
Early pre-registration of $20 must be postmarked by 31 August 2017. Afterward, pre-registration is $25 -- 01 September 2017 through 31 December 2017.
Subsequent 01 January 2018 until 12 January 2018, the fee is $30. After January 12th there is no guarantee that you will have food for you that day.
More details will follow.
Mail checks made payable to Mingo Militia Camp, 1717 c/o Steve Parker, 271 Richard Parker Rd., Clinton, NC 28328
They got the date wrong on the original order and this is the corrected copy. Please note that Adjutant Thompson is working on a day and time for our Camp's LEA Day which will be set in the fall when the weather cools down a bit. We are planning an outdoor event and will keep you posted as we move forward. Dixie Best, Mike Hollingsworth
CIC STRAIN NOTED THE NEED FOR CORRECTION AND HAS RESUBMITTED HIS ORDER IN CORRECTED FORMAT.
COMMANDER NC DIVISION SCV